It would be difficult for you to grow any type of plants on soil that you know nothing about. The key behind successfully growing a plant is knowing the different types of soils and which one is the best for your plant, as the wrong type of soil can completely stunt the growth of the plant by not letting it get air, moisture and the nutrients it needs. So it is important for you to be aware of the different kinds of soils which are often classified on the basis of their texture, the soil particles size and the nutrient and mineral content of the soils.
Plants for Clay Soil
Helenium is a perennial flower that is hardy. It blooms in three colors, red, yellow or orange, and the leaves are dark green. It is a daisy-like plant and requires a lot of sunlight.
Aster is another type of plant that is ideal for clay soils as it is half-hardy to hardy and is perennial. The flowers of this plant bloom in white, pink or purple and the leaves can either be green or grey. This plant may require staking.
This is a hardy shrub that has flowers that are pink, white or red. The leaves of this plant are either variegated or green and it requires plenty of sunshine.
This perennial plant is more commonly known as Bergamot and it is a hardy plant with flowers that bloom in pink, violet or white colors. It grows best from mid-summer to autumn and requires watering to keep away mild-dew.
Plants for Silty Soil
Mahonia is a hardy shrub that has yellow flowers and dark green leaves. This is an evergreen shrub, which is especially suited to winters with its spiky leaves, yellow flowers and blue berries.
Phormium, or New Zealand Flax, is a frost-hardy perennial with dull-red flowers. It has strappy, dark green leaves and tall stalks of flowers once it has fully grown.
This is a hardy climber plant that has pale green flowers with mid-green leaves that turn scarlet in autumn. It is slow to grow but eventually covers a large area.
This is a hardy grass that has no flowers. The color of the leaves is golden yellow and is useful for containing other plants. This is a slow-growing grass but once it has fully grown, it looks beautiful with its golden yellow tinge.
Plants for Loamy Soil
Wisteria is a hardy climber with white, blue or violet flowers and mid-green to light colored leaves. It is one of the most popular climbers because of its pleasant smelling flowers.
This plant is a hardy tuber with yellow, pink or white flowers. It gets its name from the shape of its flowers and is ideal for spring.
This is a hardy bamboo plant that does not produce any flowers. The leaves of this plant are mid-green in color and they usually grow in clumps. The canes of black bamboo are black in the beginning and gradually turn green.
Rubus is a hardy shrub that has white flowers and dark green leaves and is a low-growing shrub.
Plants for Sandy Soil
This is a full to half-hardy shrub plant with white, yellow and red flowers. These are evergreen shrubs and require sunlight.
These are hardy bulbs that have yellow, purple and red flowers. This is a spring plant which has beautiful wineglass-shaped flowers.
These are frost-hardy shrubs with pink and white flowers. These are extremely easy to grow.
Sun Rose is a frost-hardy shrub with red, white and pink flowers. The flowers bloom in the summers and the shrub has a nice fragrance and sticky leaves.
Plants for Peaty Soil
This is a hardy shrub which has purple, white or red flowers and is ideal for spring. It is available in a variety of colors and heights.
Witch Hazel is a hardy shrub with red and yellow flowers which bloom in winters. In autumn, this shrub has a beautiful display of colorful leaves.
This is a frost-hardy shrub with bright red flowers. The flowers of this tree need to be protected from frost in winters.
Plants for Chalky Soil
This is a hardy shrub that produces white flowers. It grows in short clusters and has a very nice smell.
This is a hardy annual or perennial plant with yellow, white, pink and red flowers. It is a lime-loving plant and blooms in the summers.
This is a hardy bulb plant that produces white flowers and carries around 15 to 20 flowers.
This is a hardy shrub with white, red and pink flowers that loves the sun. Summer and spring are ideal for growing this plant.